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11th International Conference on Genomics and Pharmacogenomics, will be organized around the theme “Leading Edge Research and Insights of Genomics and Pharmacogenomics”
Genome 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Genome 2018
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Pharmacogenomics is the investigation of how genes influence a man’s reaction to drugs. This is generally a new field consolidates pharmacology(investigation of medications) and genomics(the investigation of genes and their capacities) to create successful, safe pharmaceuticals and dosages that will be custom fitted to a man’s hereditary makeup
These genetic differences are utilized to prevent from adverse drug reactions and to predict whether a medication will be effective for a specific individual. In the future, Pharmacogenomics will be used for the development of tailored drugs to treat wide range of health issues such as, cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer disease , cancer, HIV/AIDS, and asthma.
Significant Universities managing Pharmacogenomics are: Harvard University, US, University of Cambridge, UK, National University of Singapore, Singapore, University of Oxford, UK, Karolin ska Institute, Sweden, Monash University, Australia, Imperial College London, UK, University of Tokyo, Japan, University of Melbourne, Australia, University of Michigan, US.
- Track 1-1Pharmacogenomics for cardiovascular diseases and drugs, Role of Pharmacogenomics in substance abuse and Psychological disorders
Cancer (malignancy) Genomics is the investigation of hereditary transformations in charge of disease, utilizing genome sequencing and bioinformatics. Clinical genomics is to enhance cancer treatment and results lies in figuring out which sets of qualities and quality communications influence diverse subsets of growths. Global Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) is a willful logical association that gives a gathering to joint effort among the world's driving disease and genomic specialists.
- Track 2-1Exome sequencing, Molecular markers, Polymorphic loci resolver(POLYSOLVER), Targetted sequencing, RNA sequencing
Microorganisms were the principal life forms on Earth and preceded before the creatures and plants by more than 3 billion years. They are the establishment of the biosphere, from both a transformative and an ecological viewpoint. It has been evaluated that microbial species include around 60% of the Earth's biomass. The hereditary, metabolic and physiological assorted variety of microbial species is far more prominent than that found in plants and creatures. Be that as it may, the decent variety of the microbial world is to a great extent obscure, with short of what one-portion of 1% of the evaluated 2– 3 billion microbial species recognized. Of those species that have been portrayed, their organic assorted variety is phenomenal, having adjusted to develop under extremes of temperature, pH, salt focus and oxygen levels.
Maybe no other territory of research has been so invigorated by the use of genomic innovation than the microbial field. It was just five years back that The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR) distributed the primary finish genome arrangement for a free-living life form, Haemophilus influenzae2; since that initially report another 27 microbial genome successions have been distributed, with no less than 10– 20 different ventures at or close culmination. This advance speaks to, by and large, one finished genome grouping at regular intervals and all signs are that this pace will keep on accelerating.
Genomics deals with structure, function, evolution and mapping of genomes. There are many techniques in genomics which includes Genomic DNA isolation, DNA separation, Cloning and vectors, detection of genes of interest and so on. These techniques are very much useful in the field of medicine to diagnose infectious diseases and are also used in forensics, agriculture.
- Track 4-1Next-Generation Sequencing, High throughput methods, Recombinant DNA technology, Polymerase Chain Reaction ( PCR ), Gene cloning
A biomarker, or natural marker, is a measurable indicator of some biological state or condition. A biomarker is a test that can be utilized to assist analyze a condition or to help screen a condition or reaction to treatment. They are utilized as a part of numerous ranges of medication both in standard therapeutic practice and furthermore in research, particularly in clinical trials. In drug, a biomarker can be a traceable substance that is brought into a life form as a way to analyze organ work or different parts of wellbeing. For instance, rubidium chloride is utilized as a radioactive isotope to assess perfusion of heart muscle.
Biomarkers keep on becoming progressively significant in research and social insurance applications, as confirm by the worldwide market for items required in their ID, approval, and utilize anticipated to achieve USD 53.34 Billion by 2021 from USD 27.95 Billion in 2016, developing at a CAGR of 13.8% amid the conjecture time frame (2016–2021).
Micro array is a tool used in laboratory to detect the expressions of thousands of genes at the same time. Micro array technology has extensive application in Pharmacogenomics. Comparative analysis of the genes from a diseased and a normal cell will help to identify the biochemical constitution of the proteins which are synthesized by the diseased genes. The researchers can use this information for synthesizing drugs that combat with these proteins and reduce their effect.
DNA micro array technology helps in the identification of new genes, to learn more about the diseases like heart diseases, mental illness, infectious disease and especially the study of cancer.
- Track 5-1Prostate specific antigen, Selected Reaction Monitoring, Prognostic and predictive biomarkers, Saliva nitrate biomarker
A Genetic Disorder is a hereditary issue caused by at least one anomalies in the genome, particularly a condition that is available from birth (innate). Most hereditary issue are very uncommon and influence one individual in each few thousands or millions.
Hereditary disarranges might be genetic, passed down from the parents' qualities. In other hereditary issue, deformities might be caused by new transformations or changes to the DNA. In such cases, the imperfection might be passed down in the event that it happens in the germ line. A similar sickness, for example, a few types of growth, might be caused by an acquired hereditary condition in a few people, by new transformations in other individuals, and for the most part by natural causes in other individuals.
Genomic medicine is characterized as a rising medicinal teach that includes utilizing genomic data around a person as a major aspect of their clinical care (e.g., for analytic or remedial basic leadership) and the well-being results and strategy ramifications of that clinical utilize. As of now, genomic solution is having an effect in the fields of oncology, pharmacology, uncommon and undiscovered ailments, and irresistible ailment.
The NHGRI Genomic Medicine Working Group (GMWG) has been social occasion master partners in a progression of genomic solution gatherings to examine issues encompassing the appropriation of genomic drug. Furthermore the working gathering gives direction to the National Advisory Council on Human Genome Research (NACHGR) and NHGRI in different zones of genomic medication usage, for example, laying out infrastructural requirements for reception of genomic solution, recognizing related endeavors for future coordinated efforts, and exploring progress generally speaking in genomic drug execution.
Sans cell circling DNA is additionally being investigated as a bio marker for tumors. As tumor cells bite the dust they discharge pieces of their transformed DNA into the circulation system. Sequencing this DNA can give bits of knowledge into the tumor and conceivable medications, and even be utilized to screen tumor movement (as a contrasting option to obtrusive biopsies).
At present, more than 100 FDA-endorsed drugs have pharmacogenomics data in their names, in differing fields, for example, analgesics, antivirals, cardiovascular medications, and hostile to growth therapeutics.
- Track 7-1Aspirin post diagnosis, Whole genome sequencing, Ivacaffor, Invasive tissue biopsy
Molecular Pharming utilizes plants to create substantial amounts of pharmaceutical substances like antibodies and vaccines. It is as same as the technique for creating Genetically Modified Crops, the artificial introduction of genes into plants. National Science Foundation (NSF) announces its intention to support plant genome research through the Plant Genome Research Program (PGRP). Plant Genomics Research Program (PGRP) awards from the National Science Foundation (NSF) that NSF offers supplements to support research collaboration with scientists in developing countries. The intent of Developing Country Collaborations in Plant Genome Research (DCC-PGR) awards is to support collaborative research linking U.S. researchers with partners from developing countries to solve problems of mutual interest in agriculture, energy and the environment, while placing U.S. and international researchers at the center of a global network of scientific excellence.
- Track 8-1Plant Genome Analysis, Genetically Modified Crops, Transgenic plants, mRNA Expression analysis
Clinical genomics is the utilization of genome sequencing to inform patient diagnosis and care and it is a quickly evolving field. Learning of the human genome is a long way from finish, however there are as of now uses for hereditary and genomic data in the center. Genome sequencing is relied upon to have the most effect in describing and diagnosing uncommon and acquired infections, stratifying people's tumors to guide treatment (exactness drug), giving data around a person's danger of creating ailment or their imaginable reaction to treatment (wellbeing administration)
The International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium, of which OGT is a section, is a creating social event of sub-nuclear innate qualities labs adequately working towards improving human administrations through the establishment of principles for sub-nuclear testing, including the generation of standardized a CGH groups for clinical inherited qualities explore. The Cancer Cytogenomic Micro array Consortium (CCMC) is a near social event, starting late settled with the goal of growing the points of interest given by microarrays to threat investigate. These social occasions continue working towards outlining out a course of action of rules to ensure that sub-nuclear strategies improve and overhaul the organizations given by clinical research labs.
- Track 9-1Preventive medicine , Personalized medicine
Functional Genomics utilize tremendous abundance of information delivered by genomic and transcriptomic tasks to depict gene functions and interactions. Drifts in Functional Genomics are, Affymetrix, raised as an early trailblazer around there by creating a useful approach to analyze gene function as a framework. Nimble Gen Systems and Febit, are creating manufactured micro-arrays that are delivered utilizing a smaller scale reflect based, veil less framework.
American Society of Transplant Surgeons Up to $100,000 every year ($50,000 in real money and up to $50,000 in-kind) for 2 years. For the purpose of this grant, in-kind support is restricted to the cost of tests. Research of Genomics Market in the US (2014- 2018) and Global Genomics Market (2014-2018) reports to its store. Useful Genomics showcase in the US is figure to develop at a CAGR of 7.28% over the period 2013-2018 while the worldwide genomics industry is anticipated to develop at 11.21% CAGR amid a similar time.
- Track 10-1Genetic interaction mapping, Serial Analysis of Gene Expression( SAGE), Yeast two hybrid system, The ENCODE project, Genome Annotation, Rosetta Stone approach
Genomic instability is a mechanism in which a high frequency of mutation occurs inside the genome of a cellular lineage. These mutations include changes in DNA and RNA sequences, chromosomal rearrangements (aneuploidy). One of the sources of genomic stability is the high frequency of externally caused DNA damage since DNA damages can cause inaccurate translesion synthesis past the damages or errors in repair, leading to mutation. Another source of genome instability may be mutational reductions in expression of DNA repair genes. DNA repair is likely an important source of genome instability. The procedure of hereditary instability prompts aneuploidy, in which the cells introduce a chromosomic number that is either higher or lower than the normal complement for the species.
Epigenomics is the investigation of the total arrangement of epigenetics alterations on the hereditary material of a cell, known as the epigenome. Epigenetic changes are reversible adjustments on DNA or histones that influence quality expression without modifying the DNA sequence. Epigenomics upkeep is a consistent procedure and assumes an imperative part in security of eukaryotic genomes by participating in critical organic systems like DNA repair. Plant flavones are said to be repressing epigenomic marks that cause cancers. Two of the most portrayed epigenetic alterations are DNA methylation and histone adjustment.
Epigenetic adjustments assume an imperative part in quality expression and control, and are included in various cell procedures, for example, in separation/advancement and tumorigenesis.
- Track 12-1
- Track 12-2DNA methylation, Histone modification, ChiP- chip and ChiP sequencing, Bisulfite sequencing
Animal Genetics examines the heredity and variations in animals.Animals have independent inheritance of characters as a result of their substantial number of chromosomes. Hybrid Analysis is the key strategy to study the inheritance of characters and it decides the idea of numerous morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics which much of the time depend just on one of a few sets of genes.
- Track 13-1Transgenic animals, Animal Breeding
To begin with, the tremendous quantities of species and the considerably bigger size of few genomes make the entire sequencing of all genomes, a non-ideal approach for understanding genome structure. Second, within a given species most people are genetically distinct in various ways. What does it really mean, for instance, to "sequence a human genome"? The genomes of two people who are hereditarily distinct differ with respect to DNA sequence. These two issues, and the potential for other novel applications, have offered ascend to new methodologies which, taken together, constitute the field of relative genomics. Agriculture is the field that receives the rewards of comparative genomics. Recognizing the loci of favorable genes is a key stride in rearing harvests that are enhanced for greater yield.
- Track 14-1Gene structure Comparison Data, Comparative genome visualisation, Comparative genomics of Eukaryotes, Comparative Genomics of BCG vaccine
The field of pharmaceutical is significantly changed by new innovations; a lot of this change originates from energizing advances in genomics. Innovations, for example, fluid biopsies have been created that can identify disease DNA even in the initial stage after its entry. Specialists likewise have found five epigenetic marks for malignancy, and we can anticipate that more will come. Today, on the off chance that one needs to approach a comprehensive way to deal with medication in view of genomic comprehension, it implies putting around $2,000 in one's own particular wellbeing.
Around 80% of useful qualities in the human genome are communicated in the mind and more than 1,200 unique qualities have been related with the parthenogenesis of CNS issue and dementia. Pharmacogenetics investigations of psychotropic medication reaction have concentrated on deciding the connection between varieties in particular hopeful qualities and the positive and unfriendly impacts of medication treatment. 10-20% of Western populaces are inadequate in qualities of the CYP superfamily and the pharmacogenomics reaction of psychotropic medications likewise relies on upon hereditary variations related with dementia. Imminent reviews with hostile to dementia drugs or with multifactorial methodologies have uncovered that the helpful reaction to customary medications in Alzheimer's ailment is genotype-particular.
- Track 15-1Synthetic DNA production, Cloud based software for faster analysis of genomic information, Faster and cheaper DNA testing,Biosensors, Herceptic Pharmacogenomic based drugs, Metabolic Phenotyping
Personalized medicine as a novel field of medicine based on Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics information used for the prescription of specific therapeutics procedure for an individual and it also covers many fields of healthcare. Accordingly Regenerative medicine and cellular therapy are the new areas of medicine use cell based products to develop personalized treatments. iPSCs and individual pleuripotent stemcells are the appropriate candidates introduced for the personalized therapies.
- Track 16-1Personalized Cell Therapy, Stem Cell Therapy, Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy
Structural Genomics endeavors to determine the 3 Dimensional structure of each protein encoded by the genome and used to foresee novel protein folds based on other structural data. It can likewise take the upside of complete genome sequence in order to decide protein structure. The gene sequence of the target protein can be compared with a known sequence and information of the structure can be gathered from known protein structure.
- Track 17-1de novo methods ab initio modelling Sequence based Modelling Threading, Protein Structure databases and classifications
Proteomics is the expansive scale investigation of proteomes. A proteome is an arrangement of proteins created in a life form, framework, or biological context. The proteome isn't steady; it varies from cell to cell and changes after some time. To some degree, the proteome mirrors the fundamental transcriptomes. Be that as it may, protein movement is likewise adjusted by many factors notwithstanding the articulation level of the applicable quality. Proteomics is used to investigate protein expression, rates of protein production, degradation, Protein modification, Protein involvement in metabolic pathways
Genome designing implies the techniques and strategies created in recent years for the targeted, particular change of the genetic data or genome of living beings. It speaks to an extremely dynamic field of research as a result of the extensive variety of conceivable applications, the creation of remedial proteins, the disposal of constant viral arrangements, farming biotechnology, the improvement of new eras of hereditarily altered plants and for the advancement of research instruments for instance, to investigate the capacity of a gene.
The CRISPR-cas9 framework makes gene editing in numerous living beings and cells like our own egg, sperm or embryo more proficient, accessible and straightforward than at any other time. These noteworthy abilities have spawned discussions encompassing the morals and uses of the new framework, and have gathered huge consideration around the globe to guarantee ethically correct usage.
- Track 19-1CRISPRs Technology, Zinc Finger Nuclease Based Engineering Multiplex, Automated Genome Engineering, Homologous Recombination
Bioinformatics is the investigation of gathering and dissecting complex organic information, for example, hereditary codes. Atomic medication requires the reconciliation and examination of genomic, sub-atomic, cell, and also clinical information and it hence offers an astounding arrangement of difficulties to bioinformatics. Bioinformatics these days has a basic part both, in interpreting genomic, transcriptomic, and proteomic information produced by high-throughput test advancements. The Canadian government is likewise making good money for omics research, with the Canada Foundation for Innovation backing several tasks as a component of a C$30.4 million ($27.6 million) interest in scholarly research. Computational biology is the science of using biological data to develop relations and algorithms among various biological systems.
- Track 20-1Fungalweb, KEGG Genes, PharmGKB, Computational genomics, Computational biomodelling and neuroscience
Nutrigenomics is the study of the effects of food and food constituents on gene expression, and how genetic variations affect the nutritional environment. It focuses on understanding the interaction between nutrients and other dietary bioactives with the genome at the molecular level, to understand how specific nutrients or dietary regimes may affect human health.
- Track 21-1Nutrigenetics
- Track 21-2Gene-diet-disease interaction
- Track 21-3 Enzyme deficiency caused by mutations